Narratives of space and time
Narratives of space and time is a technique for representing spatial data. Its basic idea is to add spatial dimensions to the design of the graphics, so that the data are moving over the space as well as over the time (Tufte, 1983, 1990).
The Napoleon's army route in Figure is an excellent example. The graphics shows, among other things, how the crossing of the Berenzina river caused lots of deaths on Napoleon's troops, the latitude and longitude of movements, and the direction of the movements. It depicts the dynamics of the whole march with a static image.